What (or who) decides who should receive a donated organ? Donors are matched by blood type. Blood types have to be matched by a simple blood test or else a mismatch would cause agglutination.
How do doctors decide who gets an organ?
When an organ donor becomes available, all the patients in the pool are compared to that donor. Factors such as medical urgency, time spent on the waiting list, organ size, blood type and genetic makeup are considered. The organ is offered first to the candidate that is the best match.
Can the brain be transplanted?
Theoretically, a person with advanced organ failure could be given a new and functional body while keeping their own personality, memories, and consciousness through such a procedure. No human brain transplant has ever been conducted.
How long after a person dies can their organs be harvested?
Typically when a person suffers a cardiac death, the heart stops beating. The vital organs quickly become unusable for transplantation. But their tissues – such as bone, skin, heart valves and corneas – can be donated within the first 24 hours of death.
What disqualifies you from being an organ donor?
Just about anyone, at any age, can become an organ donor. … Certain conditions, such as having HIV, actively spreading cancer, or severe infection would exclude organ donation. Having a serious condition like cancer, HIV, diabetes, kidney disease, or heart disease can prevent you from donating as a living donor.
Can I donate my heart while still alive?
You can donate some organs and tissues while you’re alive. Most living donations happen between family members or close friends. Other people choose to donate to someone they don’t know.
How long can a person live without a brain?
Since it controls vital functions such as breathing, swallowing, digestion, eye movement and heartbeat, there can be no life without it.
Which transplant is the most difficult?
The person receiving the transplant must be ill enough to need the transplant but well enough to recover from the surgery. Whole liver transplant, or orthotopic transplantation, is a major surgery and technically challenging—especially in people with portal hypertension of which cirrhosis is a common cause.
Can dead brain cells be revived?
In the brain, the damaged cells are nerve cells (brain cells) known as neurons and neurons cannot regenerate. The damaged area gets necrosed (tissue death) and it is never the same as it was before. When the brain gets injured, you are often left with disabilities that persist for the rest of your life.