In Australia there are about 2000 people on waiting lists for kidneys, hearts, livers, lungs, and other organs and tissues. They could be waiting four years or more because there aren’t enough organs to fill the need. … Of these 2000 people, about a hundred will die each year while waiting for an organ transplant.
Why is organ donation a problem?
Most people who have an organ transplant live a pretty normal life. But organ transplants can still lead to other medical problems. This is usually because of the medicines needed to suppress the immune system so it doesn’t “fight” the donor organ. These problems range from the annoying to the life-threatening.
Why is organ donation an ethical issue?
Major ethical concerns about organ donation by living related donors focus on the possibility of undue influence and emotional pressure and coercion. By contrast, the living unrelated donor lacks genetic ties to the recipient.
What is the controversy over organ donation?
Surveys of patients, physicians, nurses, and other health care professionals demonstrate that the most significant barriers regarding voluntary organ donation are public and professional ethical concerns about medical definitions of death, mistrust of physician and societal motives regarding organ transplantation, …
What is causing the organ shortage?
However, the unavailability of adequate organs for transplantation to meet the existing demand has resulted in major organ shortage crises. As a result there has been a major increase in the number of patients on transplant waiting lists as well as in the number of patients dying while on the waiting list.
Who Cannot donate organs in Australia?
Almost everyone can donate organs and tissue. While age and medical history will be considered, don’t assume you are too young, old or unhealthy to become a donor. You need to be aged 18 years or over to legally record your consent on the Australian Organ Donor Register.
Which organs are most in need in Australia?
In 2015, kidneys were the organ most frequently transplanted from deceased donors (718), followed by lungs (375) (AOTDTA 2016). In 2014, there were 267 living donor kidney transplants (ANZDATA 2016).
How do I opt out of organ donation in Australia?
In an opt-out system, a person is automatically presumed to have given their consent to be a donor before their death unless they had made a specific request not to donate their organs. So, organs may be taken unless people have registered an objection not to be donor, or their family members (next of kin) object.
What is an ethical issue?
What Does Ethical Issues Mean? Ethical issues occur when a given decision, scenario or activity creates a conflict with a society’s moral principles. … These conflicts are sometimes legally dangerous, since some of the alternatives to solve the issue might breach a particular law.
What are the pros and cons of organ donation?
Pros and Cons of Organ Donation
- You can save a life, possibly multiple lives. You may even save the life of someone you love.
- Your family can find comfort in knowing your organs saved others. …
- Organ donors and recipients do not have to be an exact match. …
- Medical research donation can save even more lives.
What are the ethical issues of organ transplantation?
Finally the two major ethical issues that are of considerable concern are the autonomy of the donor and recipient and the utility of the procedure. The transplant team must inform the donor of all the risks. The recipient must also accept that the donor is placing himself at great risk.