Organs most often transplanted include: The kidney, because of diabetes, polycystic kidney disease, lupus, or other problems. The liver, because of cirrhosis, which has many causes. The heart, because of coronary artery disease, cardiomyopathy, heart failure, and other heart problems.
What is the main cause of organ donation?
Most organ donations occur after “brain death,” which typically occurs after a catastrophic brain injury caused by an accident or illness. When a blood vessel bursts in the brain, it causes bleeding in the surrounding tissues. This leads to an irreversible loss of brain function and activity.
What is the purpose of organ donation?
Organ donation is the process of surgically removing an organ or tissue from one person (the organ donor) and placing it into another person (the recipient). Transplantation is necessary because the recipient’s organ has failed or has been damaged by disease or injury.
What factors affect organ donation?
The decision to be an organ donor was influenced by (i) relational ties; (ii) religious beliefs; (iii) cultural influences; (iv) family influences; (v) body integrity; (vi) previous interactions with the health care system—medical mistrust, validity of brain death and fear of early organ retrieval; (vii) the …
How do organ transplants work?
When you have an organ transplant, doctors remove an organ from another person and place it in your body. The organ may come from a living donor or a donor who has died. You often have to wait a long time for an organ transplant. Doctors must match donors to recipients to reduce the risk of transplant rejection.
What are the 5 steps of the organ donation process?
Organ Donation Step by Step
- Identification of the Potential Donor by the Hospital. …
- Evaluation of Donor Eligibility. …
- Authorization for Organ Recovery. …
- Medical Maintenance of the Patient. …
- Matching Organs to Potential Recipients. …
- Offering Organs Regionally, Then Nationally. …
- Placing Organs and Coordinating Recovery.
How does organ donation improve quality of life?
Quality of life: Transplants can greatly improve a recipient’s health and quality of life, allowing them to return to normal activities. They can spend more time with family and friends, be more physically active, and pursue their interests more fully.
Can I donate my organs while alive?
You can donate some organs and tissues while you’re alive. Most living donations happen between family members or close friends. Other people choose to donate to someone they don’t know. … Nearly 6,000 living donations take place each year.
Which organ Cannot transplant?
If the whole heart cannot be transplanted, heart valves can still be donated.